Bandung is the capital of West Java Province, located about 120 km South East of Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia. Bandung is known as city of Asia-Africa, since the first conference of 29 Asian and African nations held in Indonesia in April 1955. The city is located within the Priangan (Preanger) highlands on gently sloping terrain at an elevation of 750 m. Surrounding Bandung are the volcanic South Preanger Highlands, which reach elevation from 1500 to 2400 m nearby. Because of its elevation and consequently cool temperatures (averaging between 18oC – 25oC), below those in the lowlands, the city has developed into an important tourist center. Good highways radiate to all points in Java. Rail connections are provided northward to Jakarta and southeastward to the south cost and eastern Java. The airport of Husein Sastranegara lies on the western edge of the city, connected Bandung to Kualalumpur, Singapore, Batam, Jakarta, Jogjakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, and Denpasar.